One advantage of an impact-oriented approach is that the range of impacts that can be identified in an organization is not driven solely by the knowledge of threats and attacks which is necessarily incomplete, as no one can be sure that they have complete knowledge due to dynamic threat-landscape where novel attacks are developed frequently.
The origin of cyber-harm is firmly rooted in the psychological domain and describes the harm or negative impact to individuals that might occur as a result of interactions in cyberspace e. We believe that such a taxonomy will help enterprises to engage in security risk management tasks intended to identify, assess, prioritize and treat the various risks that they face.
Activities are held such as educational seminars, variety of community events, debates, competitions, discussions and etc. To structure our taxonomy, we have taken inspiration from existing research on categorizations of harm [ 18 , 19 ].
Nurses offer hope, comfort, and reassurance to patients and their families. College Night packages include a specially priced Red Wings game ticket and a limited-edition Red Wings hat in green and gold with the Warriors' logo. In terms of harms, they provide an example of how the assets of an oil company may be impacted and identify harms regarding future revenue loss, litigation and public relations costs, business interruption costs and reputational damage, even bankruptcy if the attack is persistent for a certain number of days.
This description encompasses other research work that suggests that cyber-harm may also be caused via other means, such as cyber-exploitation, where the goal of the attack is primarily to obtain data from the targeted system [ 48 ].
Revision Received:. The Alliance takes the opportunity of this day to call upon national governments, international agencies, and private-sector organizations to work together and ensure that nurses are in the position to perform at their highest potential.
All rights reserved. Reprints and Permissions. Nurses have done much towards the achievement of the MDGs and to help shape and deliver sustainable goals and outcomes beyond 2015. Table 3.
Article Contents. Once we obtained all the relevant themes, we divided the harm types into categories to form hierarchies of harm. Upcoming Theme Nights test.
If a business is victim to a cyber-attack, this not only impacts them but also individuals including customers and employees. First, it highlights the conventional use of harm to define a negative consequence as a result of some action , and secondly, it centres on beings or individuals as the typical subject of harm.Real Heroes: Nurses' Day 2017
Social-media platforms such as Twitter can exacerbate this harm due to the great visibility they give to customers and the public [ 35 ]. This approach is more structured than the inductive method and the initial coding is crafted by the key features and variables of the adopted theory [ 58 , 59 ].