They form the basis for most textile production and commonly are made of cotton, wool, or a synthetic fiber such as polyester.
The variability of cloth and the intricacy of the cuts and seams of the assembly process have been difficult to automate. Wage and salary employment in the textile, textile product, and apparel manufacturing industries is expected to decline by 48 percent through 2018, compared with a projected increase of 11 percent for all industries combined.
Extensive on-the-job training has become an integral part of working in today's textile mills. Degrees in mechanical or industrial engineering are common, but concentrations in textile-specific areas of engineering are especially useful. To produce spun yarn, natural fibers such as cotton and wool must first be processed to remove impurities and give products the desired texture and durability, as well as other characteristics.
Industry organization. Continuing changes in the market for apparel goods will exert cost-cutting pressures that affect all workers in the textile and apparel industries. The domestic apparel industry also benefits from laws requiring that clothing worn by the Armed Services be produced in the United States—a law that was recently extended to cover uniforms worn by Transportation Security Administration officers.
Therefore, they need to have good sense of color, texture, and style. Pressers eliminate wrinkles and give shape to finished products. Apparel firms are likely to respond by relying more on foreign production and boosting productivity through investments in technology and new work structures. Production occupations.
Managerial and administrative support personnel typically work 5-day, 40-hour weeks in office settings, although some of these employees also may work longer hours. Some engineers are textile engineers , who specialize in the design of textile machinery or new textile production methods, or the study of fibers.
Operators with high school diplomas and some vocational school training have better chances for advancement. You may want to refer to points in your original written specification. Additional jobs found at the headquarters of some of these textile and apparel companies are generally classified in a separate industry. Fashion designers create original garments that follow well established fashion trends. Further, many of the skills used in this industry are comparable to those in other manufacturing industries, so workers may move between industries depending on the opportunities available in their areas of specialty.
Because the apparel industry has moved mainly to other countries with cheaper labor costs, that which remains in the United States must be extremely labor efficient to compete effectively with foreign manufacturers.
Others are employed in cobbler shops, where they repair shoes and other leather products, such as luggage. Competition is expected be keen for fashion designers, as many designers are attracted to the creativity and glamour associated with the occupation. Designers then create the pattern pieces that will be used to construct the finished garment.