The First Jewish Revolt was the result of a long series of clashes in which small groups of Jews offered sporadic resistance to the Romans, who in turn responded with severe countermeasures. The Temple Solomon built was destroyed by fire on the 9th of Ab in 585 or 586 B.
It is not surprising, therefore, to find this a common theme amongst Jesus' contemporaries. Nor hast thou been guilty of impiety against him, for whose assistance thou hopest!
Do not you pretend to be either more tender than a woman, or more compassionate than a mother; but if you be so scrupulous, and do abominate this my sacrifice, as I have eaten the one half, let the rest be reserved for me also. How to cite this article. This is consistent with the message of other early Christian texts that the church was the new Israel not by displacing the Jews, but by fulfilling the original purpose of Israel, namely to bring the Gentiles into covenant with God Eph 2: Spilsbury 2003: If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login.
At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context.
Article History. The fall of the city marked the effective conclusion of a four-year campaign against the Jewish insurgency in Judaea. Translation and commentary, vol. AS now the war abroad ceased for a while, the sedition within was revived; and on the feast of unleavened bread, which was now come, it being the fourteenth day of the month Xanthicus, [Nisan,] when it is believed the Jews were first freed from the Egyptians, Eleazar and his party opened the gates of this [inmost court of the] temple, and admitted such of the people as were desirous to worship God into it.
War 4. But it was most of all unhappy before it was overthrown, while those that took it did it a greater kindness; for I venture to affirm, that the sedition destroyed the city, and the Romans destroyed the sedition, which it was a much harder thing to do that to destroy the walls; so that we may justly ascribe our misfortunes to our own people , and the just vengeance taken on them by the Romans; as to which matter let every one determine by the actions on both sides.
So the men of power, perceiving that the sedition was too hard for them to subdue, and that the danger which would arise from the Romans would come upon them first of all, endeavored to save themselves, and sent ambassadors; some to Florus, the chief of whom was Simon the son of Ananias; and others to Agrippa, among whom the most eminent was Saul, and Antipas, and Costobarus, who were of the king's kindred; and they desired of them both that they would come with an army to the city, and cut off the sedition before it should be too hard to be subdued.
But the Romans contrived how to prevent that by blacking the stone, who then could aim at them with success, when the stone was not discerned beforehand, as it had been till then; and so they destroyed many of them at one blow.
Now even a man, if he be but a good man, will fly from an impure house, and will hate those that are in it; and do you persuade yourselves that God will abide with you in your iniquities, who sees all secret things, and hears what is kept most private? Dr William den Hollander is a research associate in the project 'Biblical Theology and Hermeneutics', directed by Prof. From hostage to historian , Brill, Leiden. Sign up for our Free newsletter. And now the commanders joined in their approbation of what Vespasian had said, and it was soon discovered how wise an opinion he had given.
And, indeed, why do I relate these particular calamities? From the beginning of the Temple project in 19 B.
The major difference between them lay rather in the question of which sins exactly were judged to be responsible. It was on this Passover that the Lamb of God would be sacrificed for the sins of humanity.
Thus, in the Lukan version of his well-known discourse on the Mount of Olives, Jesus follows his prediction of the siege of Jerusalem with this assessment, 'For this is the time of punishment in fulfilment of all that has been written' Lk 21: Cestius Callus, the Roman governor of the region, marched from Syria with twenty thousand soldiers.