Most of the Victorians grew up in devout adherence to traditional forms of Christian worship, but as they entered intellectual maturity they found that they could no longer accept the literal truth of Christian doctrines—the divinity of Christ, the resurrection, salvation through belief in Christ, and the immortality of the soul.
This theme features heavily in English Romantic literature and poetry. In his famous 1971 study of the Romantic period , Natural Supernaturalism , Abrams makes the following statement on the subject of Romanticism, a statement worth quoting here at length:. The Romantics sometimes speak of social and political concerns, but they would argue that their other themes are also real and true concerns and that these other concerns cannot legitimately be reduced to socio-economic and political themes.
Works cited Appelbaum, Stanley: This new genius does not produce works which are derivative of previous epochs — in fact its mode of artistic production is, according to Goethe, totally non-mimetic, springing from feelings which are "sincere, unified, original [and] autonomous [. Instead, partly as a consequence of his having successfully passed through his own turbulent and highly subjective "Storm and Stress" phase, and also as a result of his journey to Italy between the years of 1786 and 1788, the author finds in himself a new unifying, form-giving power which is reminiscent of the great Classical authors.
Behind this argument lies McGann's understanding of literary works as ideological texts with their own built-in social and cultural determinations.
Harvard University Press,Cambridge,1980,Print. The perception of a chaotic universe arouses either guilt or fear, the guilt so intensely experienced by Coleridge or the fear felt by Carroll and later existential writers. Poems, pp. To give a more particular sense of the way in which Stevens assimilates the themes and images of his Romantic heritage, it should be helpful to look at some specific instances. The picture in Anglo-American criticism is very different. Significantly, this more or less official model of German literary history refuses to see the earlier "Storm and Stress" period roughly between 1770 and 1790 and its key figures — namely Hamann, Herder and the young Goethe — as having belonged to the Zeit der Romantik.Romanticism in English Literature
Romanticism on the Net no. Since human subjects are conditioned by nature, then human reason can never exist in a situation of pure autonomy with respect to nature. In short, Heine's basic position is that Romanticism is primarily Catholic and that Roman Catholicism, with its mortification of the flesh and its valorisation of spirit over matter, is essentially despotic and reactionary Heine 3.
The literary substitute for traditional religious faith was an ideal of poetry that would satisfy all spiritual craving. God creates the poet, and the poet in turn creates an image of God. Sonach hatte er seine Gottheit wirklich deklariert, wie wir neulich erwarteten.