Natural gas energy how it works

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natural gas energy how it works

Industrial turbines — producing electricity through the use of high temperature, high pressure gas to turn a turbine that generates a current — are compact, lightweight, easily started, and simple to operate. Of this, over 20 percent, or 21. Natural-gas fired reciprocating engines typically generate from less than 5 kW, up to 7 megawatts MW , meaning they can be used as a small scale residential backup generator to a base load generator in industrial settings.

natural gas energy how it works

Mercaptan is a harmless chemical that smells like rotten eggs. New York Power Authority Until recently, methods of generating power have been discussed in the context of large, centralized power plants. The cost of a combined cycle plants is generally higher since they cost more to build and run.

natural gas energy how it works

Once the steam has passed through, it condenses and is recycled through. Natural gas is a versatile and efficient fuel that is used in a wide variety of applications, including electricity generation, heating, and industrial uses. In combined-cycle plants, the waste heat from the gas-turbine process is directed toward generating steam, which is then used to generate electricity much like a steam unit.

How Natural Gas Works

The most basic natural gas-fired electric generation consists of a steam generation unit, where fossil fuels are burned in a boiler to heat water and produce steam that then turns a turbine to generate electricity.

The largest component of natural gas is methane, a compound with one carbon atom and four hydrogen atoms CH4. New technology has allowed natural gas to play an increasingly important role in the clean generation of electricity. There are many reasons for this increased reliance on natural gas to generate our electricity.

Reinjecting unmarketable natural gas can help to maintain pressure in oil wells to improve oil production.

Did you know? Distributed generation can take many forms, from small, low output generators used to back up the supply of electricity obtained from the centralized electric utilities, to larger, independent generators that supply enough electricity to power an entire factory. Natural gas plants produce waste heat , like all heat engines.

In contrast with distributed generation the heat that would normally be lost as waste energy can easily be harnessed to perform other functions, such as powering a boiler or space heating. World dry natural gas production 2015.

How Natural Gas Works.

natural gas energy how it works