In DSM5, all self imposed factitious disorders are included under one heading.
Becoming upset can trigger an urge to self-injure. Although you might feel that you'd be betraying a confidence, self-injury is too big a problem to ignore or to deal with alone.
Current developments to help inform assessment and treatment. Rather, this type of self-injury is a harmful way to cope with emotional pain, intense anger and frustration.
People who self-injure may attempt to conceal their marks, such as bruises, scabs or scars with clothing, and you may notice them wearing inappropriate clothing like long sleeves and pants in hot weather.
Any form of self-injury is a sign of bigger issues that need to be addressed. They are even willing to undergo painful or risky tests and operations in order to get the sympathy and special attention given to people who are truly ill.
If possible, offer to help find treatment. A doctor will also recommend therapy to help a person learn new behaviors, if self-injury has become a habit.
Inspire others with your message of hope. People who self-injure commonly report they feel empty inside, over or under stimulated, unable to express their feelings, lonely, not understood by others and fearful of intimate relationships and adult responsibilities. Why do adolescents engage in nonsuicidal self-injury?
Self-harm occurs most often during the teenage and young adult years, though it can also happen later in life. Current Opinion in Psychiatry.
American Psychiatric Publishing. Rochester, Minn.: Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. When a person is not sure how to deal with emotions, or learned as a child to hide emotions, self-harm may feel like a release.
Originally called Munchausen syndrome, named for Baron von Munchausen, an 18th century German officer who was known for embellishing the stories of his life and experiences—is the most severe type of factitious disorder. This may be a hard subject to understand. ISBN 978-0890425558. How Common is Self-Injury?