Pink eye is generally considered a contagious bacterial infection of the eye. If the test shows it is strep, then the doctor will prescribe antibiotics.
This will help keep the lining of the nose and throat moist and help to prevent dehydration.
Side effects from antibiotics are a common reason that children go to the emergency room. Complications of strep include a rash known as scarlet fever, and more seriously, rheumatic fever, which can be prevented with proper treatment.
Colds are caused by viral infections in the nose and throat. After the saline drops, if you wish, you can remove mucus from the nostrils by using a soft rubber suction bulb.
Children might need treatment in a hospital if the pneumonia causes a lasting high fever, breathing problems, or if they:. Other typical symptoms in children include decreased appetite, lethargy, and a general feeling of illness malaise. School-aged children may take a nonprescription over-the-counter decongestant for bothersome nasal congestion, although the drug often does not help.
Generally, otherwise healthy children with mild upper respiratory tract symptoms do not need to see a doctor unless they have trouble breathing, are not drinking, or have a fever for more than a day or two. The best preventive measure is practicing good hygiene. But if your child has a virus, antibiotics will not help your child feel better or keep others from getting sick. Some tips to remember when taking antibiotics, according to the American Medical Association, include the following:.
Most over-the-counter cold medications are not helpful and should be avoided.
We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. There may be some difficulty with breathing, such as rapid, labored, or painful respirations.
Having six respiratory infections per year is normal. Preventive measures may include the following:.