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Skip to main content. Now, federal law requires most types of milk to be fortified. They grouped estimates of dietary vitamin D intakes for different countries according to the level of food fortification practiced.
Vitamin D, which includes crystalline vitamin D 2 and D 3 and vitamin D 2 and D 3 resin formed from the irradiation of ergocalciferol and cholecalciferol, can be added as the sole source of added vitamin D in the food categories shown in Table 1 and must not exceed the specified limitations 36.
Unlike Canada, where fortification with vitamin D is mandatory for designated foods, the addition of vitamin D to eligible foods in the United States is optional in most cases, with the exception of fortified milk.
Retrieved from http: Although the exact serum concentrations distinguishing vitamin D sufficiency from vitamin D insufficiency are controversial, it is clear that the prevalence of low circulating concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D in the United States and Canada is increasing 7 — 15.
Influence of season and latitude on the cutaneous synthesis of vitamin D 3: Wintertime vitamin D insufficiency is common in young Canadian women and their vitamin D intake does not prevent it.
Focusing on improving our nutrient database of the vitamin D contents of foods may be an exercise in futility, because the vitamin D contents of foods that are naturally rich in vitamin D can vary according to the season and climatic conditions, the fortification of foods in the marketplace is in constant flux, and the added vitamin D content of fluid milk varies significantly with the procedures used to fortify the milk.
More on this topic High prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among pregnant women and their newborns in northern India.
There has been a tremendous boom in the fortification of milk and dairy products with minerals in recent years. Reports of a high prevalence of hypovitaminosis D and its association with increased risks of chronic diseases have raised concerns regarding the adequacy of current intake levels and the safest and most effective way to increase vitamin D intake in the general population and in vulnerable groups.
TABLE 1. Only 2 types of margarine, a few noodle and hot cereal products, and no macaroni, rice, or cornmeal products were fortified with vitamin D.
We used the survey data to estimate vitamin D intakes for 8 specific age and sex groups in the US population. Nutrition Facts panel from a US ready-to-eat cereal product. Only about 5 percent of the calories in fat-free milk come from fat. Learn More This website requires certain cookies to work and uses other cookies to help you have the best experience.
In the past, there has been some confusion concerning the specific regulations that govern the addition of vitamin D to foods in the United States.
Maximal level of vitamin D that can be added in accordance with 21 CFR 184. Vitamin D is vital for healthy aging Vitamin D is a nutrient that is lacking in the diets of seniors. Article activity alert.