If disc displacement is suspected, X-rays may be helpful to show the size of the joint space. Your dentist may recommend one or more of the following:. Also available online: TMDs can result from a direct blow to the jaw, chin, or head; whiplash to the head or neck; overstretching the jaw during dental work or surgery; or other injuries that may lead to joint damage or muscle tension.
TMD symptoms usually go away without treatment. These joint and muscle problems are complex. Temporomandibular joint tmj dysfunction disorder Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction is often caused by a variety of factors, including daily habits, your teeth alignment, and even stress.
Low doses of tricyclic antidepressants, such as amitriptyline, are used in cases of chronic pain. Change your body mechanics , such as by using good posture for sitting and standing. What to think about Often, structural problems in the jaw, such as disc displacement , can be improved with conservative nonsurgical treatment, especially when they are treated early.
Wellness and Medical Topics. If you still have symptoms after the first period of treatment, your doctor may begin to look for problems in the jaw joint structure.
They help reduce grinding and clenching. Jaw Problems Osteonecrosis and Cancer Treatment.
Short-term use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs NSAIDs , opioids, muscle relaxants, or antidepressant medicines can relieve or reduce inflammation, control pain, and relax the jaw muscles. Several treatment approaches are effective.
Want to add to the discussion? Because they are addictive, sedating, and can cause depression or make it worse, muscle relaxants should be taken at the lowest possible dose and are usually not used long-term.
Finally, massage the muscles on the sides of your neck. This thread has me yawning -. American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry 2010. France - France. Reply With Quote. The exact cause of this misalignment is often impossible to determine.
So a temporomandibular joint disorder could be due to abnormal pain processing in the sensory nervous system. It is not always clear which came first.